What are open educational resources? | Manaarah

  • September 19, 2022
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In this article, we will understand the meaning of open educational resources, their different types, and how to use them. Let’s get started.

What are open educational resources?

Open education resources or (OER) for short refer to any materials that are used for learning and teaching for free, whatever its format is (like textbooks and videos). Those resources for education are uploaded on a public domain under an open license. Open access means that it’s free to use, reuse, share with others, or even repurpose.

What do you mean by open educational resources?

When someone says open education resource, he refers to the online free resources that can be used for education like free courses and tutorials. Educationresources are any format of materials that are uploaded on a public domain for any user to use. Like the free images that we can download for free, or the online courses that we enroll in without paying any money, in addition to books and textbooks. Now the next time you hear the word OER you will understand its meaning.

What are the types of open educational resources?

There are many types of open education ressources, and we are going to discuss some of these types here:

1- Learning modules

Learning modules refers to the online courses that are organized in a logical, sequential order that guides the student or learner through the course until he or becomes able to solve the assessments test of the course to ensure his/her understanding.

Educators resource that is uploaded or used may be in the form of text, files, test and quizzes, assignments, links, and discussions. Some of the learning modules are made in a way that it doesn’t allow the student to continue to the next lesson until he completes what’s required from him, whether completing the content or taking a quiz for example. When finishing this part, he/she can move to the next lesson.

2- Open textbooks.

Open textbooks refer to the books that you can read or download for free from the internet, they are mostly published by universities, or someone uploaded the books on a free domain to help others. Either way, it is a helpful way to learn and increase your knowledge.

3- Open access journals.

This type of open resource education refers to the research journals and articles that are available online for free. By using this type of resource, you can do the research you were asked to do in college, or learn from it and use it to gain more knowledge about something that interests you.

4- Online tutorials.

Online tutorials are videos and materials that are made for the purpose of self-study learning. They can be delivered through a course management system, the internet, or DVDs. And there are two types of online tutorials that are used for open educational resources, and they are:

Recorded tutorials: recorded tutorials are video recordings of an expert explaining something or giving a demonstration.

Interactive tutorials: they are organized in a structured way as you can navigate through pages, or on the same page you will find a collection of videos, texts, images, and so on.

What is the role of open educational resources?

The main important thing about open educational resources is that they are free for everyone, they can be used to gain all the information you need. It’s really helpful to students and helps them in their learning journey. Here are some of its roles in our lives:

  • Free to use.
  • Can access anything you want at any time.
  • Help students make plans for their education.

Which resource is an example of OER?

There are many examples of OER (open educational resources), and they can be accessed at any time and can be shared with others easily. So, here are some examples of it.

  • Online courses.
  • Videos.
  • Audio.
  • Presentation slides.
  • Course outlines.
  • Textbooks.
  • Tutorials.
  • Images.

How is OER used in the classroom?

Instructors or teachers can use open resource materials effectively to enhance students’ understanding. For example, a teacher can explain an experiment and then show a video of someone performing the experiment. Or teach them about how a machine works then show them videos to make students understand better. People tend to remember visuals more than text. As a teacher, you will find many free resources that could be valuable to students. Additionally, you can edit the OER as much as you want and share it with them.

How do you identify open educational resources?

We said that open-access educational resources are called OER, and they include any materials that are free to use, share, download, edit, and so on. It can be in any format like textbooks, videos, audio, images, recordings, or whatever material is needed for teaching and learning and they are all free.

Here are the characteristics of OER According to Schaffert & Geser, 2008 & OLCOS Roadmap, 2012:

Open Access: Content is provided free of charge for educational institutions, content services, and users such as teachers, students, and lifelong learners.

Open Format: Content is produced in an open format with functionalities that allows for easy re-use.

Open License: Liberal licenses to enable re-use to combine and re-purposing of content.

Open Software: Produced with open-source software.

To simplify things, you can think of OER falling into the category of either content or tools:

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Conclusion.

Open education resources or (OER) for short refer to any materials that are used for learning and teaching for free, whatever its format is (like textbooks and videos). Those resources for education are uploaded on a public domain under an open license. Open access means that it’s free to use, reuse, share with others, or even repurpose.

According to Schaffert & Geser, 2008 & OLCOS Roadmap, 2012, OER have some characteristics and they are:

Open Access: Content is provided free of charge for educational institutions, content services, and users such as teachers, students, and lifelong learners.

Open Format: Content is produced in an open format with functionalities that allow for easy re-use.

Open License: Liberal licenses to enable re-use, combination, and re-purposing of content.

Open Software: Produced with open-source software.

To simplify things, you can think of OER falling into the category of either content or tools:

We also saw some examples of OER and they are:

  • Online courses.
  • Videos.
  • Audio.
  • Presentation slides.
  • Course outlines.
  • Textbooks.
  • Tutorials.
  • Images.

 

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